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All About Blisters

What are blisters?

Blisters are a skin condition that contains fluid between the layers of the skin.  They are caused due to rubbing or friction of skin to objects such as shoes, or in many cases for athletes and sportspeople, weight bars, bats, golf clubs, fishing poles, archery bows, etc.  These types of blisters, known as friction blisters, are formed on the upper layer of the skin called the epidermis. Friction blisters may occur anywhere on the skin but mostly occur on hands and feet.

You get blisters on your hands too if you hold anything continuously. This type of blister, if not protected, can occur again and again while continuing the offending activity.

How are blisters formed?

Friction blisters occur by the friction of skin and the body.  The upper layer of the skin, known as the epidermis, separates on such friction, and fluid enters the space, causing a blister.

How do you prevent blisters?

Preventing blisters is all about being aware of your body.  Pressure, heat and moisture are the main causes of blisters, so wrapping the affected part of the body is key.  Guard-Tex blister tape uniquely prevents blisters in the fact that is takes two of the three causes out of the equation, pressure and moisture.  Guard-Tex provides a protective barrier against the skin, therefore alleviating direct pressure, and is also breathable and waterproof, which keeps the area from becoming sweaty and wet.

How to you treat a blister?

To treat a blister, you can use Guard-Tex to securely wrap a pad or a gel.  The pad provides cushioning while the gel will soothe the area.  Do not open the blister to release the fluid, as it creates the opportunity for infection.  The fluid helps protect and heal the wound.  If the blister becomes too painful and must be drained, then we suggest the following steps for treatment:

 1) wash the blister with antibiotic soap,

2) sterilize a needle with alcohol or heat,

3) insert the needle at the base of the blister,

4) dress the blister using antibiotic ointment, gauze, and a wrap such as Guard-Tex, and

5) for further protection, cut and place a soft flannel pad to prevent further irritation.

If the area around the blister shows redness and pus, or if you start to feel pain, you should seek medical care.

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